How Can I Choose The Best Fishing Rod – For Beginners

how to choose a fishing rod for beginners

Are you planning to go fishing sometime soon? You might be pretty excited and looking forward to the experience!

If you have someone going along with you who is extremely experienced, you might feel settled and calm.

However, if you aren’t going fishing with very professional folks, it can be pretty hard, and you might need to learn how to choose a fishing rod for beginners.

This is because beginners need to be taught step by step how to hold a fishing rod and the technique to catch fish.

In this article, you will learn how to choose a fishing rod for beginners and much more!

What Are Fishing Rods?

Let’s assume you are a total beginner and are unaware of the basics. You might be a person who doesn’t know what a fishing rod is. But don’t you worry, we got you covered.

Before jumping to choosing a fishing rod for beginners, you need to know what a fishing rod will start with?

Fishing rods are flexible and long rods that most fishers use to catch fish from the water bodies such as the sea or the ocean.

Most simply, it is just a pole or a stick that is attached to a line that is in turn connected to a hook.

The rod can measure differently when it comes to its length. It can differ between a range of 2 and 50 ft. To catch fish, they need to be enticed to the hook.

Bait is attached to the hook, which helps in bringing the fish towards it.

The line is wound around a reel, making it easy for fish to land and reducing any tangles. Tangles make things harder for a fisherman and are best avoided.

The traditional fishing rods are constructed with wood, which includes ash, bamboo, and hickory. The modern or contemporary fishing rods are made using carbon fiber or fiberglass.

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Choosing the Material for the Fishing Rod

The material of your fishing rod will depend on your fishing type. It also impacts your fishing performance and success.

Most of the materials available are graphite and fiberglass. Other than these two, there are many different materials used in the fishing rod.

No matter which material you choose, it will have different properties and usage. To decide which material will be the best for you, it is better to know what choices are available for you.


Graphite is a prevalent material that is used in Bass fishing rods. This material is favored due to the stiffness and strength.

Both of these factors are important for a good fishing experience. When the stiffness is high, it means the rod has a high modulus.

Even if the modulus is high, the material should have enough strength to support it.

Without equal strength and modulus, the graphite will become brittle and break very easily. For this kind of graphite rod, you might have to go for high-end rods.


Fiberglass fishing rods existed much before their graphite counterparts. People have used them since the beginning of proper fishing rod production.

Several fishers still favor this material due to its exceptional strength and endurance.

Fiberglass rods are also very inexpensive since they can be made quickly. Most amateur anglers opt for fiberglass fishing rods since they are low cost.

However, they are slightly heavy, which makes it impossible to use them for certain casting types.


Composite rods are a mixture of fiberglass and graphite, which makes them highly flexible.

You will not have to sacrifice sensitivity and deal with a heavyweight when using composite fishing rods.

These rods are versatile rods whose only priority is providing the users with amazing performance.

They are also perfect to be used for different casting types and in other water bodies.

Things to Consider

Any product you desire to purchase from the market will require you to consider a few things before purchasing. It is the same with a fishing rod.

There are many kinds of fishing rods in the market and how to choose a fishing rod for beginners is a good question.

This is because many people go ahead and buy any rod without researching.

A fishing rod can be available in many lengths, sizes, configurations, and hardness. This depends on if the rod will be used on small, medium, or large fish.

It also varies depending on whether the fishing rod will be used in fresh or salt water bodies.

Different kinds of fishing rods are made for different kinds of fishing. Fly rods are the kind of fishing rods that can be used for casting artificial flies.

Baitcasting rods, as well as spinning rods, can be used for lures or cast baits.

Ice fishing rods can be used in places full of ice, where the rod can be inserted through little holes in the ice. Trolling rods are used for dragging bait or lures at the back of boats on the move.

Uses of Fishing Rods

 Fishing Rods

Fishing rods can be used for recreational purposes as well as for professional fishing purposes.

A beginner, who is just into fishing, should improve their skills rather than focus on a fishing rod’s cost or color.

As mentioned above, there are many kinds of fishing rods, including ice fishing rods, fly fishing rods, surf fishing rods, bass fishing rods, and more.

Two uses are common for all fishing rods except for fly rods. They will be used as a spinning or baitcasting rod.

Bass Rods

They can be either of the spinning or casting type.

Ultralight Fishing Rods

They are used for Panfish and Trout. These rods will always be spinning rods. These usually get paired along with ultra-light spinning reels. These reels are made to handle very light fishing lines easily.

When the rod’s weight is light, anglers can present small lures to be used in ultralight fishing.

Fishers that wish to catch panfish such as crappie, as well as bluegill, make use of ultralight fishing rods to detect subtle movement of fish quickly.

Surf and Boat Rods

These rods are casting or spinning rods. The butt sections of surf rods are significantly more powerful.

Fly Rods

They are used to cast the line and not cast the fly.

Deciding the Length of Fishing Rod

To check the length of a fishing rod, you will have to measure the rod’s tip to the handle’s end.

The rod’s size will have a significant impact on your casting ability. If you choose a small rod, then you can cast it at a short distance.

For longer fishing rods, the distance covered will be longer. However, both these have specific pros and cons.

Short rods do not have much flex, which is a pro when fishing for robust species. However, due to the extensive distance coverage in long rods, you can go for open deep water fishing.

Measuring the Strength or Power of the Rod

The power of your rod is the strength with which it can be lifted. Rods are generally divided into three lightweight weights, medium weight and heavyweight.

Each weight is used for different fishing techniques and for catching other fish species.

According to the fish specifies and fishing technique, your rod power will differ. However, you also need to check if you will comfortably cast a fishing rod of a particular weight.


When catching small species such as small Bass, Trout, or any panfish, this would be a perfect choice. This 7-footer, slow or moderate action rod would do the job.

This is because these fish are small-bodied and would not require much effort.

The lightweight rod would be perfect for amateurs who have yet to learn about different casting techniques.

Starting with the lightweight rod is the perfect way to master your style and then go for advanced ones.


Medium-weight rods, which are around ten-foot in length, could be perfect for long-distance fishing.

Equipped with a good setup for Catfish, rods like these will be able to handle several types of lures and baits.

If you want to catch Salmon, then you do perfectly well with the medium weight rod.

Due to the extra length of this fishing rod, you can cast at a reasonable distance. This would require slightly more effort than the lightweight rods.


The heavyweight rods are the right choice for professional anglers who like challengers. These rods are used for predatory and bigger fish species. They promote fast action and are about eight feet long.

The pull of the rod is similar to a freight train. If you are accustomed to large lures regularly, then you can comfortably use this rod.

These rods are the right ones for Muskies or other types of saltwater fish species.

The Action of the Fishing Rod

Fishing Rods

The bending of the rod when you apply pressure to its tip is known as the action. This pressure can be applied manually or even when you catch a fresh bite.

How much and from where this bending is stimulated is very important.

Rods with fast action will bend on from the tips, whereas moderate action ones will bend from the half.

On the other hand, rods that are slow movement will only turn from the 1/3 position. Your catch style and specifies of fish will differ depending on the action of the rod.

If you are choosing fast action fishing rod, then you get short and long casting distance. However, with a moderate action, you get more distance than what you do with fast action.

Handle Of the Fishing Rod

The handle’s length creates the main impact on the casting of the rod. If the handle is long, then the casting will be long and vice versa.

Anglers who want to make accurate short distance casts look for short handles. This is also used by anglers who do one-handed casts.

Some handles have a split grip, which is used for catching Bass. Another handle is the pistol grip used these days by anglers who want to lower the rod weight.

This handle is used for catching light bait at a short distance.

Deciding the Weight of the Fishing Rod

Knowing the rod’s weight is essential for deciding how much weight the rod can hold. If the rod cannot have too much weight, you cannot go for heavyweight fish species. You can measure the rod’s weight with a pound test.

The pound test measures the weight of the rod’s line, which will be used to cast. You can also measure it by checking the maximum lure weight that the rod can cast.

When learning how to choose a fishing rod, this is an essential component. If the line is too flimsy, then it will break.

How to Choose a Fishing Rod for Beginners

It is good to have a proper understanding of all you need to consider before you move on to choosing the perfect rod.

Along with that, it is also essential to know what type of rod is best for you. There are overwhelmingly plenty of options available in the market, and it can be tough to settle on one.

The main focus when choosing the best fishing rods would be to analyze your needs for them. What kind of fishing are you planning on using the fishing rod?

Do you plan on fishing primarily for a big catch or for smaller ones? It is also important to understand the area and the location of your planned fishing.

A lot of time, anglers choose freshwater options for a more comfortable and smaller catch. If you plan on doing some long-distance casting, saltwater is a good option.

For beginners, though, it is essentially a sport for fun. You want to go out there and have your chance at some urban fishing.

But you don’t really want to confuse yourself over the nitty-gritty complications of choosing the correct rod specs and pairing it with the proper reel.

That is why, for beginners, a medium rod or medium-heavy one is a very suitable option. It lets you fish not only for smaller catches, but if you want to have fun and go big, that is possible too.

You will need to be careful and skillful with the setting of the drag correctly. You will need to use braids on your fishing reels and perfect your angle to fish the heavier ones.

Before you move on to that, it is essential to know what types and options for fishing rods are available.

The kind of fishing rod you use will ultimately define your fishing experience. It is crucial to choose the right one depending on the sort of power, action, and length you want.

Generally, a 6.6-7ft rod length is ideal if you’re starting. 7ft is better, and a medium or medium-heavy will let you fish almost all kinds of catch.

Types of Fishing Rods

Choose a Fishing Rod

As you know, the fishing rods come in various materials, from fiberglass to graphite and composite rods.

Besides that, there are also different kinds of fishing rods with distinct specifications. They all have their own sets of uses and issues, but generally, a spinning rod is preferable to others.

Here are the types of fishing rods you will come across when choosing a fishing rod for beginners.

The most popular of fishing rod types available are:

  • Casting rod
  • Spinning rod

Other types of fishing rods include:

  • Spin-caster rods
  • Fly-caster rods
  • Bait-caster rods
  • Fiberglass rods
  • Carbon fiber rods
  • Telescopic rods

There are fancier ones for a professional angler, but then a spinning fishing rod or a casting rod should do fine if you’re starting.

Spinning Rods

Spinning rods are a safer choice for beginners, and they’re quite affordable as well.

It lets you have long casts with light lures and come with a bail, which is a cover that can flip both upwards and downwards.

Generally, the spinning fishing rods range from 5 to 8ft, and a 7ft one should be ideal when you start. Never go over 14ft feet. Staying under 10-12 ft should do.

The spinning reels in the spinning rods hand beneath it and have a comfortable and easy-to-use handle as it’s lightweight.

You can’t go more essential than a spinning rod, so if you’re looking for a rod to start with, a spinning rod is your best bet.

Casting Rods

Casting rods come in 2 different types- spin cast and bait cast. Online the spinning rods, the reels are placed on top of the rod and underneath it.

The spin casting rod is very popularly used for kids and beginners, so you can choose this if you want a simplistic mechanism.

There are small guide rings on top, but it is not optimal for long-distance casting.

The baitcasting, on the other hand, is for pro anglers. If you are experienced, this rod provides a tough butt, and the baitcasting reel used is often open spooled.

Baitcasting Rods

As the name suggests, baitcasting rods are typically made for baitcasting reels. These rods are generally heavier, longer, and healthier than most rods.

Since casting reels are used for heavy lines, these rods also possess the same quality.

If you are thinking about choosing a fishing rod and reel like this, you should make sure that the rod is perfect.

There should be no dents, and the finish should be very smooth. Moreover, the tip weight should be balanced along with many guides.

Fly Rods

You can find fly rods in different materials such as fiberglass, graphite, and bamboo.

Bamboo fly rods are quite expensive and are opted for by anglers who are serious about fly fishing. The flex of fly rods is more than other since the lure is not cast, but the line is.

Another feature of fly rods is that it does not have too many guides. This is because the rod is used itself for fighting the fish.

However, no matter how many guides are there on the rod, the alignment should be proper.

Surf Rods

Surf rods are designed for only those anglers who are fond of wading. Most of these anglers will be opting for spinning rods.

However, there is a section of anglers who surf fish and would love to invest in surf rods.

The average length of surf rods is about 10 feet and is strong all the way.

This makes them perfect for any heavy tackle setup. It is always better to use these specially designed surf rods for surf fishing.

This is because they will fulfill the purpose and ensure that you get optimum performance level out of these rods.

Ice Rods

Ice rods may not be known to you, especially if you have just ventured into the world of fishing.

However, most expert anglers know the purpose and importance of ice rods for a specific fishing type.

Just as the name suggests, ice rods are used for ice fishing. They are slightly different from your typical fishing rods.

You can carve holes in the ice with this rod and drop its line into the water.

These rods are short since the cast does not have to be powerful. The line goes straight in the water and does not have to be thrown at a distance.

Telescoping Rods

There are two varieties of telescopic rods that are cast and spin. Most anglers use them as a form of a backup rod.

On the other hand, some anglers prone to hiking and camping would instead use telescoping rods as their primary fishing rod. The main reason for this is the weight and space concern.

Telescopic rods are collapsible rods that do not take up much space and are lightweight. They are just 18 inches in length when completely collapsed.

This means you can easily take them camping without worrying about space issues.

The Sensitivity of the Fishing Rod

If you choose a fishing rod that does not have balanced sensitivity, you will have a bad fishing experience.

Sensitivity is the rod’s ability to transfer the vibration from the hook, traveling the rod and reaching your hands. This is one way with which you can determine your line’s condition.

Fast action rods are said to have higher sensitivity, while slow action rods have low sensitivity.

On the other hand, graphite rods have the best sensitivity levels in comparison to their fiberglass counterparts.

This is the main reason why most professional anglers opt for graphite rods, even know fiberglass ones are much older.

Kinds of Fishing Poles

Now that you know which fishing rods to choose, the next step in choosing a fishing rod and reel is to know about the different types of fishing poles.

Fishing poles are a fundamental component of the whole fishing apparatus. There are many different types and lengths of poles available.

You need to understand which kind of pole would be suitable for which fish and casting type.

If you choose the wrong pole, then you will fail to understand the beauty of fishing. If you want to have an amazing fishing experience, it is better to choose the right fishing components.

Margin Pole

The average length of margin poles ranges from 4 m to 10 m, which is relatively short. However, these poles are very strong and are suitable for carp.

Despite being short, these poles are very durable, which is why experts highly recommend them. Moreover, these poles are very resilient and lightweight.

If you are just a beginner, this is the perfect pole for you to start your fishing journey. You can practice shorter casts with this pole.

Moreover, they fall in a very affordable range, which is great for people who have a tight budget but love fishing very much.

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Carp Pole

The next pole to look for is the carp pole, whose size ranges from 10 m to 17 m. these poles are designed to catch power and large fish species.

Due to this, these poles are made very powerful and strong. When catching larger fish, you would have to exert pressure, and a flimsy pole could break.

That is why these poles have high strength so that anglers can depend on them for catching large fish.

However, one result of this pole being very strong is the heavyweight. They are quite thick, which makes them heavy so that they do not break easily.

Match Pole

One of the best-balanced poles is the matching pole, ranging from 14.5 to 16 m in length.

These poles are generally used for canal fishing and are very tactful poles. Using this pole increases the efficiency of canal fishing.

Moreover, this pole is made from high-quality graphite.

It makes match poles very durable, healthy, and the perfect companion to take with you during canal fishing.

These poles may be somewhat in the higher price range, depending on what your budget is. However, if you are particularly going for canal fishing, it is better to choose the matching pole.


Fishing isn’t something you can only enjoy when you have fancy equipment and tools. With affordable and simple thing rods and reels, you can have fun with urban, freshwater, and even saltwater fishing with ease and convenience.

The important part is to know how to choose a fishing rod for beginners if you’re starting, and you can easily do so with some research and guidance.